The head of Sudan’s military transitional council has told the BBC the army will not use force against protesters who want it to leave power.
Lt-Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan spoke as African leaders extended their ultimatum for the military to organise a return to civilian rule.
The army had warned it would remove protesters camped outside its headquarters in the capital, Khartoum.
President Omar al-Bashir was ousted from power on 11 April after 30 years.
Protesters accuse the military of being “remnants” of the ousted long-time ruler.
Leaders of the protest movement have suspended transition talks and co-operation with the military because they doubt its sincerity to hand over power.
A mass sit-in outside the military HQ has been taking place since 6 April. Five days later Mr Bashir was overthrown and replaced by a military council that promised it would relinquish power to civilians within two years, a proposal rejected by protesters.
Lt-Gen Burhan told the BBC HARDTalk programme that the military had taken control to ensure security in the country.
“Protesters have a right to demonstrate anywhere, and we want to reach an agreement [to hand over power], we are not here to stay. The army will go back to the barracks,” he said.
He added that he was willing to hand over power within days if a consensus can be reached with civilian groups.
Meanwhile, African leaders meeting in Egypt have agreed to extend the African Union’s (AU) 15-day deadline, for the Transitional Military Council (TMC) to give power to civilians, to three months.
“We agreed on the need to give more time to Sudanese authorities and Sudanese parties to implement these measures,” said Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who chaired the meeting.
Failure to meet the AU’s deadline could see Sudan suspended from the continental body – a situation that would complicate its political and economic crisis.
How did it all begin?
In December 2018, the government tried to stave off economic collapse by imposing emergency austerity measures and a sharp currency devaluation.
Cuts to bread and fuel subsidies sparked, demonstrations in the east over living standards but the anger soon spread to Khartoum.
The protests quickly widened into demands for the removal of President Bashir, in charge for nearly 30 years and his government.
The Sudanese military toppled Mr Bashir on 11 April but demonstrators have vowed to stay on the streets until there is a move to civilian rule.
Who are the protesters?
The economic problems brought Sudanese from all walks of life on to the streets but the organisation of demonstrations was taken on by the SPA a collaboration of doctors, health workers and lawyers.
A large proportion of the protesters have been women and the demonstrators are mostly young.
Malaria cases appear to be on the rise again after a decade of success in combating the deadly disease.
“This is a landmark moment for immunisations, malaria control, and public health,” Dr Kate O’Brien, Director of Immunisation and Vaccines at the World Health Organization, told the BBC.
According to the most recent annual figures, global malaria cases are no longer falling, sparking concerns about its resurgence.
SPLMalaria in 2017
435,000died of malaria worldwide
219m infectedAfrica saw more than 90% of cases and deaths
Malawi is the first of three countries chosen for the pilot to roll out the vaccine. It aims to immunise 120,000 children aged two years and below. The other two countries, Ghana and Kenya, will introduce the vaccine in the coming weeks.
The three countries were picked because they already run large programmes to tackle malaria, including the use of bed nets, yet still have high numbers of cases.
How big a problem is malaria?
Malaria kills some 435,000 people around the world each year, the majority of them children. Most of these deaths are in Africa, where more than 250,000 children die every year, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Dr O’Brien said that malaria is “a really difficult disease to develop a vaccine against”.
An early trial of the vaccine began in 2009.
“There were seven countries participating in a large trial where over 15,000 children participated,” Dr David Schellenberg, who has been working on the development of the vaccine with the WHO, told the BBC’s Newsday programme.
“[The trial] showed pretty clearly that this vaccine is safe and it is efficacious in terms of its ability to prevent clinical malaria episodes and also severe malaria episodes,” he said.
What difference will the vaccine make?
RTS,S has been more than three decades in the making, with scientists from drugs company GSK creating it in 1987.
Years of testing supported by a host of organisations, including the Path Malaria Vaccine Initiative, and costing an estimated $1bn (£770m), have led to this point.
The nearly 40% efficacy is not high in comparison with vaccines for other diseases, but Dr Schellenberg says RTS,S will add to the preventative measures, such as bed nets and insecticides, already being used.
“Nobody is suggesting that this is a magic bullet,” Dr Schellenberg said.
“It may not sound like much but we’re talking about 40% reduction in severe malaria which unfortunately still has high mortality even when you have good access to good treatment,” he added.
Dr O’Brien said the vaccine lasted for at least for seven years and would target infants because they are most at risk.
The vaccine needs to be given four times – once a month for three months and then a fourth dose 18 months later.
Dr Schellenberg accepted that it might be a challenge for mothers in some areas to take their children to clinics for all four doses.
Protest leaders in Sudan have said they have broken off contact with the ruling military council that replaced ousted leader Omar al-Bashir.
They accused it of being composed of “remnants” of Mr Bashir’s regime.
Thousands of protesters have gathered outside army HQ in Khartoum for a meeting to announce a civilian council they now want to take power.
The military says it is committed to handing over power and will consider a joint military-civilian council.
However, protest movement spokesman Mohamed al-Amin said they now considered the military council an “extension of the regime” and vowed to escalate the protests.
The crowds are still large and the cheering is still emphatic. But after more than a fortnight of protests the broad front of groups that makes up the Sudanese opposition finds itself confronted with one of the most fundamental quandaries to face a peaceful protest movement: what to do when those you seek to overthrow refuse to accede?
The protest leaders had been expected to announce their candidates for a civilian council to rule Sudan through a transition to full democracy. But last night – after days of expectation – they failed to do that.
This has prompted speculation about divisions as different groups argue about policy and positions. Instead the opposition said it was suspending negotiations with the ruling military council and called for escalating protests.
For now the generals on the ruling military council seem to have regained some cohesion. They have also been given strong backing – including more than $3bn (£2.3bn) in aid – from the Saudis and the United Arab Emirates. There is widespread scepticism among the opposition about any military willingness to hand over power to a civilian-dominated transitional council.
What are protest leaders planning?
The campaign to remove Mr Bashir has been spearheaded by the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) and it was behind the announcement of the civilian council.
The SPA held talks with the military on Saturday.
A senior SPA member, Ahmed al-Rabia, initially indicated this might delay the naming of the council but on Sunday he confirmed the announcement would go ahead at the Khartoum protest site.
The protesters want their new council to form a transitional government, leading to elections.
What will the military do?
On Sunday it said it would respond to the call for civilian rule within a week, and indicated it might favour a joint council.
It has, however, released political prisoners and on Saturday arrested a number of top members of Mr Bashir’s former ruling party.
While the military has promised not to remove protesters from their sit-in, it also called on them to “let normal life resume”.
How did it all begin?
In December 2018, the government tried to stave off economic collapse by imposing, emergency austerity measures and a sharp currency devaluation
Cuts to bread and fuel subsidies sparked, demonstrations in the east over living standards, but the anger soon spread to Khartoum.
The Sudanese military toppled Mr Bashir on 11 April but demonstrators have vowed to stay on the streets until there is a move to civilian rule.
Who are the protesters?
The economic problems brought Sudanese from all walks of life on to the streets but the organisation of demonstrations was taken on by the SPA, a collaboration of doctors, health workers and lawyers, and his government.
A large proportion of the protesters have been women and the demonstrators are mostly young.
It has been one big party this week in the town of Arondizuogu in southern Nigeria, with feasting and parades to give thanks for the last harvest and to usher in the new planting season.
The Ikeji Festival, which last for seven days, brings together many thousands of ethnic Igbo people, from far and wide, to the town in Imo state.
During the festivities, some men are authorised by secret cultural Igbo societies to dress up as ancestral spirits in what is called a masquerade.
They are accompanied by a bell bearer, who explains to the crowds the messages the spirit world wishes to pass on – usually blessings for a bountiful harvest to come.
The masked figures perform for the crowds as they go down the streets – and as part of the rituals, chickens and goats are sacrificed to the ancestors to encourage them to grant their blessings.
Wooden or metal boxes, which are believed to contain “juju” (magical powers), are paraded on some men’s heads through the 20 villages that make up Arondizuogu, as another way of communicating with the spirit world.
The festival is an annual event – the dates are decided by the village monarchs and elders. Some years it coincides with Easter celebrations, though they are not linked. Body painting is part of the fun…
Some parade participants use powdered dye, palm oil and charcoal to cover their bodies.
It is a time for everyone to dress up – although women do not traditionally take part in any of the parades. They watch from the sidelines and some prepare special feasts for the party goers.
And it’s certainly not a celebration without food. Business is brisk for the vendors who sell barbeque chicken and beef to visitors.
Part of the festival’s rituals include the cleansing of bodies to wash away the previous farming season and prepare for the next.
Popular local staples like yam and cassava, as well as various vegetables, will be planted in the coming season.
One man poses with his “okpu agoro”, a red, black and white woollen bobble hat worn by men from the Igbo community of south-eastern Nigeria.
Each masquerade group is accompanied by musicians using instruments such as gongs and drums – and the celebrations tend to last until late in the evening each day.
The White House says President Trump has spoken to Libyan eastern commander General Khalifa Haftar, whose forces are attacking the capital Tripoli.
During Monday’s call, Mr Trump recognised Gen Haftar’s efforts to combat terrorism and secure Libya’s oil and they discussed Libya’s future.
Tripoli is the seat of Libya’s UN-backed and internationally recognised government.
Mr Trump’s call suggests he endorses Gen Haftar, unlike some of his allies.
More than 200 people have been killed since the fighting began three weeks ago.
On Thursday the UN-backed Prime Minister, Fayez al-Serraj condemned the “silence” of his international allies, amid the assault by Gen Haftar’s forces.
Libya has been torn by violence and political instability since long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi was deposed and killed in 2011.
The latest crisis started three weeks ago, when Gen Haftar’s eastern forces descended on the capital in what Mr Serraj has described as an attempted coup.
Gen Haftar’s troops are advancing from various directions on the outskirts of the city and say they have seized Tripoli’s international airport.
Does this mean Trump backs Haftar?
During Mr Trump’s conversation with Gen Haftar, the pair “discussed a shared vision for Libya’s transition to a stable, democratic political system”, the White House says.
The BBC’s Middle East Regional Editor Alan Johnston says the call seems to signal that Washington is swinging its weight behind Gen Haftar and may see him as being capable of restoring unity and order to the country.
But Gen Haftar’s opponents say he would rule the country in a highly autocratic style, our correspondent adds.
The US, along with Russia, has also refused to support a UK-drafted UN Security Council resolution calling for a ceasefire in Libya.
Russia objected to wording blaming Gen Haftar for the violence while the US did not give a reason, Reuters reported.
Gen Haftar has had backing from the UAE and Egypt and visited Saudi Arabia shortly before announcing his attack on Tripoli.
The UN-backed government in Tripoli has also accused France of supporting Gen Haftar. France has denied this.
Reuters quoted Jalel Harchaoui from the Clingendael Institute in The Hague as saying that Mr Trump’s call was tantamount to supporting Gen Haftar’s campaign and made a military intervention by an outside state such as Egypt more likely.
Who supports the Tripoli government?
Former colonial power Italy backs the internationally-recognised government.
UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt has also said there is “no justification” for Gen Haftar’s move on Tripoli.
On Friday Mr Hunt spoke to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and the two agreed to “continue diplomatic efforts to achieve a freeze on the ground and a return to the political process”, according to the state department.
Who is General Haftar?
A former army officer, he helped Colonel Gaddafi seize power in 1969 before falling out with him and going into exile in the US.
He returned in 2011 after the uprising against Gaddafi began and became a rebel commander.
After Gaddafi’s fall he was appointed chief of the Libyan National Army (LNA) under an earlier UN-backed administration
The prime minister of Mali and his entire government have resigned, following an upsurge of violence in the country.
On Wednesday, a motion of no confidence was submitted as MPs blamed Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga for failing to handle the unrest.
Last month, scores of herders were killed by a rival ethnic group.
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita said in a statement that he accepted Mr Maiga and his ministers’ resignation.
A prime minister will be named very soon and a new government will be put in place after consultations with all political forces,” the statement said.
Mali has been struggling to control violence since Al-Qaeda-linked Islamist extremists gripped the desert north of the country in 2012.
Despite an ongoing military drive and a 2015 peace agreement, jihadists still dominate areas huge areas of the country, having migrated from the north to the more heavily populated centre of the country.
The government has come under increasing pressure over its inability to restore stability, particularly after the massacre of 160 Fulani herders in the Mopti region.
Armed with guns and machetes, the attackers appeared to be members of the Dogon ethnic group, which has a long history of tension with the nomadic Fulani people.
The country was shocked by the killings and tens of thousands of people protested on the streets of the capital Bamako on April 5.
The president said in a televised address on Tuesday that he had “heard the anger”.
“Based on its massive teeth, Simbakubwa was a specialised hyper-carnivore that was significantly larger than the modern lion and possibly larger than a polar bear,” researcher Matthew Borths is quoted by AFP news agency as saying.
In 2013 he was doing research at the Nairobi National Museum when he asked to look at the contents of a collection labelled “hyenas”, National Geographic says.
The creature’s jaw and other bones and teeth had been put there after being found at a dig in western Kenya in the late 1970s.
Mr Borths teamed up with another researcher, Nancy Stevens, and in 2017 they began analysing the unusual fossil specimens.
Rocket fire on the Libyan capital Tripoli, which the UN-recognised government blamed on military strongman Khalifa Haftar, killed six people ahead of a Security Council meeting on Wednesday over a ceasefire.
Diplomats have long complained that Libyan peace efforts have been stymied by major powers backing the rival sides, with Haftar ally Russia quibbling over the proposed wording of the ceasefire demand even as the bombardment of Tripoli intensifies.
Three of the six killed in the rocket fire on the south Tripoli neighbourhoods of Abu Salim and Al-Antisar late on Tuesday were women, said the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA.
Abu Salim mayor Abdelrahman al-Hamdi confirmed the death toll and said 35 other people were wounded.
AFP journalists heard seven loud explosions as rockets also hit the city centre, the first since Haftar’s Libyan National Army militia launched an offensive on April 4 to capture the capital from the government and its militia allies.
The LNA blamed the rocket fire on the “terrorist militias” whose grip on the capital it says it is fighting to end.
The bombardment came as diplomats at the UN Security Council began negotiations on a British-drafted resolution that would demand an immediate ceasefire in Libya.
The proposed text seen by AFP warns that the offensive by Haftar’s LNA “threatens the stability of Libya and prospects for a United Nations-facilitated political dialogue and a comprehensive political solution to the crisis.”
– No Haftar criticism –
After Britain circulated the text late Monday, a first round of negotiations was held during which Russia raised objections to references criticising Haftar, diplomats said.
“They were very clear. No reference anywhere,” a council diplomat said.
During a tour of the Tripoli neighbourhoods worst hit by the rocket fire on Tuesday night, unity government head Fayez al-Sarraj said the Security Council must hold Haftar to account for his forces’ “savagery and barbarism”.
“It’s the legal and humanitarian responsiblity of the Security Council and the international community to hold this criminal responsible for his actions,” Sarraj said in footage of the tour released by his office.
He said his government would seek Haftar’s prosecution for war crimes by the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
“We are going to hand all the documentation to the ICC tomorrow (Wednesday) for a prosecution for war crimes and crimes against humanity,” he said.
At least 189 people have been killed, 816 wounded and more than 18,000 displaced since Haftar ordered his forces to march on Tripoli, according to the World Health Organization.
Britain was hoping to bring the ceasefire resolution to a vote at the Security Council before Friday, but diplomats pointed to Russia’s objections as a hurdle.
The proposed measure echoed a call by UN chief Antonio Guterres, who was in Libya to advance prospects for a political solution when Haftar launched his offensive.
– Proxy war –
Haftar, seen by his allies Egypt and the United Arab Emirates as a bulwark against Islamists, has declared he wants to seize the capital.
He backs a rival administration based in eastern Libya that is refusing to recognise the authority of the Tripoli government.
The draft resolution calls on all sides in Libya “immediately to recommit” to UN peace efforts and urges all member states “to use their influence over the parties” to see that the resolution is respected.
Resolutions adopted by the council are legally binding.
Diplomats have long complained that foreign powers backing rival sides in Libya threatened to turn the conflict into a proxy war.
Saudi Arabia is also seen as a key Haftar supporter, while Qatar — which has tense relations with Riyadh and Abu Dhabi — has called for stronger enforcement of the UN arms embargo to keep weapons out of Haftar’s hands.
Russia and France, two veto-wielding permanent members of the Security Council, have praised Haftar’s battlefield successes in defeating Libyan militias aligned with the Islamic State group in the south of the country.
Haftar’s offensive on the capital forced the United Nations to postpone a national conference that was to draw up a roadmap to elections, meant to turn the page on years of chaos since the 2011 ouster of Moamer Kadhafi.
Guterres has said serious negotiations on Libya’s future cannot resume without a ceasefire.
Marta Moreiras and the subjects of her portraits – fathers carrying babies on their backs – were surprised by the attention they attracted as she took their photographs on the streets of Senegal’s capital Dakar.
People were clapping – sometimes it was a bit hard to take the picture because we were having such a large audience,” the Spanish photographer told the BBC.
“All the women were like: ‘Hey, give me five, I’m going to call my husband – we don’t see this every day.”
And that is exactly why Moreiras started her project, which has been shortlisted for the portraiture category of this year’s Sony World Photography Awards Professional competition.
The idea came to her when she was looking through her photo archive, which for Senegal goes back to 2008.
“I realised that I had tonnes of pictures of mummies with babies on their back, but I just wondered why I didn’t have any of men.”
When she began phoning up some of her male Senegalese friends who had babies, most said that they would carry children on their backs if they were at home – but never outside.
“There’s a big division here between public spaces and private spaces… and it’s very important what others think of you,” says Moreiras.
Yet her research and interviews revealed that men do play a significant child-caring role, not least because Dakar is expensive and couples often both have to work.
“That will force them to start dividing tasks.
“And when I asked the men if they actually participated in the education of their children and if they helped at home they were like: ‘Well, yes I’m forced to, my wife, she works as well – she can’t just take on all the different tasks.’
“But whenever you see a picture of a baby you never see a dad with them or playing with them or taking them to school or washing them,” she said.
This is how she first coaxed her interviewees into having their portraits taken.
“I’d say: ‘All right, so to make it more visible – this role of the dad – I want to take a photo of you with your child.'”
When they agreed to that, she’d say she would like the baby to be on their backs instead of in their arms – this too they happily agreed to, hesitation only setting in when she asked them to move outside to give the portrait “a more interesting setting”.
“We don’t do that, we don’t take children to the street on our backs,” was the general response – but Moreiras’s persistence paid off.
“The whole reaction on streets was very cool, so the guy I was photographing began to feel more comfortable about it.”
The portraits she shot over a two- to three-month period were exhibited last May at Dak’Art, the African Contemporary Art Biennale, when the whole of Dakar becomes an art gallery.
And they certainly became a subject of debate – given the inspired decision to stage her exhibition at les parcours sportifs – a big open space on the main seafront thronged by those in pursuit of the body beautiful as it is full of gym equipment.
“Ninety-nine per cent of people who go there are men, showing their masculine, macho side,” she said.
But they were also of an age when they were becoming fathers – the perfect target audience, says Moreiras.
One photo in particular had a great impact as it was of a popular rapper, Badou, known for his machismo.
“He has a public image, and everyone recognises him. It’s important in this project that some recognisable people are included to be role models and open the debate to realise there is nothing wrong with it,” the photographer said.
There were some public figures who turned her down when she approached them as they were concerned about public attitudes.
For Moreiras, who has eight of her portraits from the series in the World Photography Awards, it will be a “never-ending project”.
“I’m still working on it – I’m happy to have as many daddies as possible because I believe that to destroy this stereotype of mums with babies, that we have seen forever, we need to do at least the same amount of images with men.”
Winners of the 2019 Sony World Photography Awards Professional competition will be announced on 17 April 2019. All shortlisted series will be exhibited at Somerset House in London from 18 April until 6 May 2019.
Somalia’s capital city – where there are frequent and deadly bomb blasts – only has one free ambulance service, which was founded by Abdulkadir Abdirahman Adan 13 years ago.
When he returned from Pakistan, where he had been studying dentistry, to Mogadishu as a fresh graduate he was struck by the lack of ambulances on the busy streets – and people using wheelbarrows to ferry the sick to hospital.
The very few ambulances that did exist and respond to calls came from private hospitals and patients had to pay for their collection.
So not long after his return, Dr Adan decided to start an ambulance service.
“I bought a minibus, revamped it and made it accessible for wheelchair users too,” he told the BBC.
He started to operate the minibus, carrying the wounded, injured and the heavily pregnant to the hospital.
Such was the demand for the service that he realised it needed to expand and he began frequenting the city’s open-air markets and corner shops, looking for potential donors.
“I managed to convince a group of local entrepreneurs to chip in and buy us another minibus,” he says.
At the time Dr Adan was a part-time tutor at a couple of universities in the city.
“I asked my students if they wanted to save a life and if they did, to donate a $1 (£0.75) a month to help save our brothers and sisters,” he says.
Soon everywhere he went, he began to ask people to contribute a $1 a month to help run Aamin Ambulance.
‘No government funding’
“Aamin” means “trust” in Somali – and most residents of the city feel it has lived up to its name in a society failed by its politicians.
Up to 42calls a day
35members of staff
Source: Aamin Ambulance
Today Aamin Ambulance, which survives on donations, has a staff of 35 people. Many of them are volunteers and students, Dr Adan says.
The volunteers are not paid a salary but some of their expenses, such as transportation, are covered.
The service has a fleet of 20 ambulances and a driver for each vehicle.
“We operate on donations. We don’t receive any funding or help from the government.
“A while ago, we asked the Mogadishu mayor’s office if they could assist us with 10 litres of petrol a day but we are still waiting to hear about that.”
‘Somalis are very generous people’
But Dr Adan has been able to attract some backing from the United Nations.
“WHO [the World Health Organization] bought us two cars. UNDP donated some walkie-talkies,” the 45-year-old says.
“We bought second-hand ambulances from Dubai and had them delivered here. Recently, the British embassy in Mogadishu organised a half-marathon to raise funds for our service.
Raising money can be hard work, as is dealing with the city authorities which recently banned Aamin Ambulance from attending blast scenes.
The crux of the problem seemed to be the government’s sensitivity about casualty figures from bombings carried out by Islamist militants – Aamin Ambulance often keeps journalists up-to-date about what its paramedics have witnessed using social media.
The ban infuriated some when it was reported last week on the BBC Somali Service’s Facebook page, who deplored the government for “stopping aid”.
But Dr Adan tried to play down the friction.
The most valuable thing for me is human life. That is my driving force”Abdulkadir Abdirahman Adan Aamin Ambulance founder
“I spoke to the police commissioner, who rescinded the ban but he told us to let them know when we are attending to an emergency. We are not allowed to talk to the media or talk about the body count.”
While a spokesman for the regional authority, Salah Hassan Omar, told the BBC it had all been a misunderstanding and was more about “how to best work together”.
For Dr Adan, such headaches can be overcome as he is heartened by the generosity he has experienced since starting the ambulance service.
“Every person in this life has a purpose and the most valuable thing for me is human life. That is my driving force,” he says.
“Somalis are very generous people, even when they have nothing. Our country has been in turmoil for 30 years and it is only active because of money sent from abroad.
“Our country has been running on the generosity and goodwill of Somalis in the diaspora for decades.
“Aamin is almost a joint community effort – we have had to take the reins for the well-being of our fellow Somalis.”
‘We’re not political’
Although Mogadishu has been in the news for bombings carried out by the militant group al-Shabab, Aamin Ambulance service is not solely borne out of the need to attend to these types of attacks.
Mr Adan says the ambulances go where they are needed, whether it is to attend to a small child, a woman going into labour or an old person in need of assistance.
“Anything really and anyone who needs our help – we have paramedics and nurses ready,” he says.
For the future, Dr Adan envisions a Somalia where nobody needs to die because they are unable to get help in time.
He would like to see Aamin Ambulance expand to cover the whole country.
It may seem like an unlikely vision as al-Shabab still controls most rural areas – but Dr Adan is nothing if not determined.
And al-Shabab, known for demanding protection money from many Somali businesses – even in Mogadishu from where it was expelled in 2011, does not seem to hassle Aamin Ambulance.
“We’re not a business, we’re not making a profit and we’re not political. I can’t possibly see what al-Shabab would want with us,” says Dr Adan.
Sudan’s transitional military council has arrested members of the former government and promised not to disperse protesters.
A spokesman also urged the opposition to pick the next prime minister and vowed to implement their choice.
Months of protests in Sudan led to the ousting and arrest of long-time leader Omar al-Bashir on Thursday.
Demonstrators have vowed to stay on the streets until there is an immediate move to civilian rule.
A sit-in is continuing outside the defence ministry in the capital Khartoum.
What did the military council say?
In a press conference on Sunday, spokesman Maj Gen Shams Ad-din Shanto said the military council was “ready to implement” whatever civilian government the opposition parties agreed.
“We won’t appoint a PM. They’ll choose one,” he said, referring to opposition and protest groups.
He also said the army would not remove protesters from their sit-in by force, but called on protesters “to let normal life resume” and stop unauthorised roadblocks.
“Taking up arms will not be tolerated,” he added.
The military council also announced a raft of decisions, including:
New heads of the army and the police
A new head of the powerful National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS)
Committees to fight corruption, and to investigate the former ruling party
The lifting of all media restrictions and censorship
The release of police and security officers detained for supporting protesters
A review of diplomatic missions, and the dismissal of Sudan’s ambassadors to the US and to the UN in Geneva
What’s been happening in Sudan?
Protests against a rise in the cost of living began in December but soon developed into a wider call for the removal of Mr Bashir and his government.
On Thursday the military removed and detained the veteran leader, after nearly 30 years in power.
The coup leader, Defence Minister Awad Ibn Auf, announced the military would oversee a two-year transitional period followed by elections and imposed a three-month state of emergency.
But demonstrators vowed to stay in the streets regardless, demanding an immediate switch to civilian government.
Mr Ibn Auf himself stood down the next day, as did the feared security chief Gen Salah Gosh.
Lt Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan was then named as head of the transitional military council, to become Sudan’s third leader in as many days.
In a televised address on Saturday, Gen Burhan vowed to “uproot the regime”, pledging to respect human rights, end a night curfew, release political prisoners immediately, dissolve all provincial governments, try those who had killed demonstrators and tackle corruption.
But the Sudan Professionals Association (SPA), which has been spearheading the demonstrations, said the council’s response “did not achieve any of the demands of the people” and urged protests to continue.
Among its demands are the restructuring of state security, the arrest of “corrupt leaders” and the dissolution of militias that operated under former President Bashir.
The whereabouts of Sudan’s former leader is currently unknown, but the coup leaders said he was in a secure place.
Mr Bashir has been indicted on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur by the International Criminal Court.
But the military council has said it will not extradite him, although he could well be put on trial in Sudan.
Mr Bashir’s National Congress Party on Saturday called his overthrow unconstitutional, and demanded that the military council release the party’s imprisoned members.
Maj-Gen Shanto said that the former ruling party would have no part in the civilian transitional government but could field candidates in the next elections.
The Seychelles president has gone below the surface of the Indian Ocean to call for better protection for the world’s seas.
Danny Faure said that a healthy ocean was “crucial for the survival of humanity” in a broadcast made 124m (406ft) below sea level.
He had joined a British-led expedition exploring the ocean’s depths.
Last year, the Seychelles created protected areas of the ocean that were “the size of Great Britain”.
During the live broadcast Mr Faure could be seen in the submersible wearing a Seychelles T-shirt.
He told viewers that the ocean was “the beating blue heart of our planet” and said that it was “under threat like never before.”
“We have managed to seriously impact this environment through climate change. I can see the incredible wildlife that needs protection. Over the years we have created these problems, we must solve them and we must solve them together.”
The broadcast was part of an expedition by Nekton Mission. The mission will explore deep sections of the waters surrounding the Seychelles.
The goal is to gain public support for the country to protect 30% of its national waters by 2020.
It will then explore other areas of the Indian Ocean ahead of a summit in Oxford in 2022.
In February 2018 the Seychelles protected 210,000 sq km (81,000 sq miles) of ocean in exchange for getting some of its national debt paid off.
The reserves limit tourism and fishing activities in the country to halt further damage to aquatic life. It was the first debt swap designed to protect ocean areas in the world.
President Donald Trump’s eldest daughter, Ivanka Trump, is in Ethiopia to promote a US government initiative aimed at advancing women’s participation in the workplace.
The initiative aims to benefit 50 million women in developing countries by 2025.
Ms Trump toured a female-run textile facility in the capital, Addis Ababa.
The US policy in Africa under President Trump has prioritised the war on terror and checking the influence of China.
When his administration’s long-delayed policy on Africa was finally unveiled at the close of 2018, many observers of the continent were quick to point out that it did not include the favoured American staples: promotion of democracy, free and fair elections, political and civil rights.
The Women’s Global Development and Prosperity (W-GDP), which was launched in February, coincides with President Trump’s proposed cuts to foreign aid, and a ban on US aid to health groups that promote or provide abortions.
The W-GDP initiative aims to train women worldwide to help them get well-paying jobs.
Ms Trump visited Muya Ethiopia, a clothes manufacturing company.
The 16-year-old company, which exports clothes to the local and international markets, was founded by Sara Abera, who gave Ms Trump a tour.
According to the W-GDP’s website, low participation of women in the formal labour markets impedes economic growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.
The project is financed by a $50m (£38m) fund within the US international development aid agency (USAid).
Fundamentally we believe that investing in women is a smart development policy and it’s smart business. It is also in our security interests because women when they are empowered they foster peace and stability and we have seen this play out time and time again,” Ms Trump said as she met women working in the coffee industry.
Ms Trump, who serves as an adviser to her father, will also attend a World Bank policy summit while in Ethiopia.
She will visit Ivory Coast later in the week and is set to visit a cocoa farm, as well as participate in a meeting on economic opportunities for women in West Africa.
She tweeted ahead of the trip that she was “excited”.
The Trump administration’s policy in Africa has focused on the war on terror and trying to manage the growing political and economic influence of China and Russia on the continent.
It has, however, backed democratic reforms in countries like Ethiopia where Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has implemented a series of progressive changes including the normalisation of relations with Eritrea after a bitter border standoff going back two decades.
The US also recently backed pro-democratic protests in Algeria and Sudan.
Mr Trump, however, upset many in the continent last year after, he reportedly used the word “shithole” to describe African nations